Consumo de fibra dietaria, por día, en niños con estreñimiento funcional y síndrome de intestino irritable
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Palabras clave

Estreñimiento
síndrome de colon irritable
enfermedades del sistema digestivo
fibras de la dieta
niño Constipation
irritable bowel syndrome
gastrointestinal diseases
dietary fiber
child Constipação
síndrome do intestino irritável
doenças do aparelho digestivo
ibras da dieta
criança

Cómo citar

Hoyos-García, I. V., & Velasco-Benítez, C. A. (2019). Consumo de fibra dietaria, por día, en niños con estreñimiento funcional y síndrome de intestino irritable. Entramado, 15(1), 266–274. https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.1.5412

Resumen

Los principales desórdenes gastrointestinales funcionales (DGF) pediátricos son estreñimiento funcional (EF) y síndrome de intestino irritable (SII). Se recomienda en niños, la edad más 5 gramos de fibra dietaria diaria (FDD). El objetivo de la investigación es determinar el consumo de FDD y sus asociaciones. Se trata de un estudio de casos y controles. Fueron incluidos 8 niños con EF y 15 con SII según los Criterios de Roma III y 46 sanos. Por recordatorio de 24 horas se determinó el consumo de FDD. Se incluyeron variables sociodemográficas y antropométricas. El análisis estadístico incluyó medidas de tendencia central; t-student, chi cuadrado, y prueba exacta de Fisher, análisis uni y multivariados, siendo una p<0,05 significativa. Los 69 niños (10,7±1,6 años de edad; 41 masculinos); 56,5% malnutridos; consumieron 1,2±0,8 gr de FDD. No hubo diferencias significativas en niños con EF, SII y variables sociodemográficas, antropométricas y consumo de FDD. Los niños con EF, SII y sanos, tuvieron consumo de FDD subóptimo. A menor cantidad de FDD, mayor oportunidad de presentar DGF (OR=1,31 IC95%=0,32-6,52 p>0,05). En conclusión, el consumo de FDD fue subóptimo en niños con EF, SII y sanos con mayor oportunidad de presentar DGF cuando se consume menor cantidad de FDD.

https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.1.5412
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Citas

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