Dolor músculo esquelético y factores asociados en una empresa de servicios públicos
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Palabras clave

Síntomas Músculo esqueléticos
Factores de riesgo
Desórdenes Músculo Esqueléticos Músculoskeletal Symptoms
Associated factors
músculoskeletal disorders

Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia en el último año de dolor músculo esquelético y los factores asociados en los trabajadores de esta empresa.

Metodología: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, correlacional en una población de 240 trabajadores realizado en abril de 2014. La información sobre los síntomas músculo esqueléticos en el último año y factores asociados como datos socio-demográficos, físicos y laborales, fue obtenida de los registros de historias clínicas ocupacionales de control anual.

Resultados: El 57,5% (n=138) IC 95% 51,2 - 63,6% de los trabajadores presentaron síntomas músculo esqueléticos durante los últimos 12 meses. Según localización las regiones con mayor frecuencia de síntomas fueron la espalda (dorsal y lumbar) en 16,25% (n=39) IC 95% 12,1 - 21,5%, las piernas en 13,8% (n=33) IC 95% 9,9 - 18,7% y el cuello en 10,8% (n=26) IC 95% 7,5 - 15,4%. Se encontró una relación estadísticamente significativa entre dolor músculo esquelético y la edad de los trabajadores.

Conclusión: La prevalencia de síntomas músculo esqueléticos revela que esta población está a riesgo de sufrir patología osteomuscular, por tanto se requiere revisar las intervenciones realizadas en vigilancia epidemiológica.

https://doi.org/10.18041/2322-634X/rcso.2.2014.4909
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