Síntomas osteomusculares en docentes
PDF
HTML

Palabras clave

Dolor Osteomuscular
Desorden Músculo-Esquelético
Factores de Riesgo
Docentes Musculoskeletal Pain
Musculoskeletal Disorder
Risk Factors
Teachers

Resumen

Objetivo: Realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura más reciente sobre la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo para dolor osteomuscular entre el personal docente.

Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica de trabajos publicados en los últimos cinco años (2009-2014) en las bases de datos PUBMED y SCIELO, relacionados con la prevalencia de síntomas osteomusculares, dolor osteomuscular y desórdenes músculo esqueléticos en docentes.

Resultados: De un total de 24 artículos hallados, luego del proceso de inclusión y exclusión, se revisaron 13. Los estudios revisados indican reportes de prevalencias superiores al 70% de dolor osteomuscular en docentes de diferentes disciplinas, en regiones como el cuello, hombro y lumbar. Los factores de riesgo identificados con mayor frecuencia están relacionados con posturas prolongadas y mantenidas; además de factores de riesgo psicosocial como carga mental alta.

Conclusiones: No existen cambios significativos en los reportes de dolor osteomuscular y los factores de riesgo asociados al ejercicio docente en los últimos cinco años. Se necesitan nuevas estrategias para la prevención o intervención específica de este problema.

https://doi.org/10.18041/2322-634X/rcso.2.2014.4911
PDF
HTML

Citas

Erick, P.N. & Smith, D.R. A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers. BMC musculoskeletal disorders 12, 260 (2011).

Korkmaz, N., Cavlak, U. & Telci, U. Musculoskeletal pain, associated risk factors and coping strategies in school teachers. Scientific Research and Essays 6, 649-657 (2011).

Ladeira, C.E. Evidence based practice guidelines for management of low back pain: physical therapy implications. Revista brasileira de fisioterapia 15, 190-199 (2011).

Gerdle, B., Ghafouri, B., Ernberg, M. & Larsson, B. Chronic musculoskeletal pain: review of mechanisms and biochemical biomarkers as assessed by the microdialysis technique. Journal of pain research 7, 313-326 (2014).

Kim, K.H., et al. Characteristics of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in Korea and their work-relatedness evaluation. Journal of Korean medical science 25, S77-86 (2010).

Bogaert, I., De Martelaer, K., Deforche, B., Clarys, P. & Zinzen, E. Associations between different types of physical activity and teachers' perceived mental, physical, and work-related health. BMC public health 14, 534 (2014).

Chong, E.Y. & Chan, A.H. Subjective health complaints of teachers from primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics : JOSE 16, 23-39 (2010).

Antonelli, B.A., et al. Prevalence of cervicobrachial discomforts in elementary school teachers. Work 41 Suppl 1, 5709-5714 (2012).

Silva, L. & Silva, M. Working and health conditions of preschool teachers of the public school network of Pelotas, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ciencia & saude coletiva 18, 3137-3146 (2013).

Fernandes, M., Da Rocha, V. & Roncalli, A. Factors associated with teachers’ osteomuscular symptom prevalence. Rev. salud pública 11, 256-267 (2009).

Allsop, L. & Ackland, T. The prevalence of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders in relation to piano players’ playing techniques and practising strategies. Music Performance Research 3 61-78 (2010).

Baskurt, F., Baskurt, Z. & Gelecek, N. Prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms in teachers. S.D.U. Saglık Bilimleri Enstitusu 2(2011).

Branco, J., Silva, F., Jansen, K. & Giusti, P. Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the faculty of public schools and the private school. Fisioter Mov. 24, 307-314 (2011).

Yue, P., Liu, F. & Li, L. Neck/shoulder pain and low back pain among school teachers in China, prevalence and risk factors. BMC public health 12, 789 (2012).

Durmus, D. & Ilhanli, I. Are there work-related musculoskeletal problems among teachers in Samsun, Turkey? Journal of back and musculoskeletal rehabilitation 25, 5-12 (2012).

Darwish, M.A. & Al-Zuhair, S.Z. Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders among Secondary School Saudi Female Teachers. Pain research and treatment 2013, 878570 (2013).

Samad, N., Abdullah, K.L., Moin, S., Mohd, S. & Hashim, Z. Prevalence of Low Back Pain and its Risk Factors among School Teachers. American Journal of Applied Sciences 5, 634-639 (2010).

Beyen, T., Mengestu, M. & Zele, F. Low Back Pain and Associated Factors among Teachers in Gondar Town, North Gondar, Amhara Region, Ethiopia Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs 1(2013).

Erick, P.N. & Smith, D.R. The Prevalence and Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Disorders among School Teachers in Botswana. BMC musculoskeletal disorders 15(2014).

Mohseni Bandpei, M.A., Ehsani, F., Behtash, H. & Ghanipour, M. Occupational Low Back Pain in Primary and High School Teachers: Prevalence and Associated Factors. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics (2014).

Claus, M., et al. Prevalence and influencing factors of chronic backpain among staff at special schools with multiple and severely handicapped children in Germany: results of a cross-sectional study. BMC musculoskeletal disorders 15, 55 (2014).

Erick, P. & Smith, D. Musculoskeletal disorder risk factors in the teaching profession: a critical review OA Musculoskeletal Medicine 3, 1-10 (2013).

Cardoso, J., De Araújo, T., Martins, F., Fernandes, N. & Farias, E. Psychosocial work-related factors and musculoskeletal pain among schoolteachers. Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro 27, 1498-1506 (2011).

NIOSH. Musculoskeletal Disorders and Workplace Factors: . Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Psychosocial Factor. (1997).

Thiese, M.S. Observational and interventional study design types; an overview. Biochemia medica 24, 199-210 (2014).

Kuorinka, I., et al. Standardised Nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms. Applied ergonomics 18, 233-237 (1987).

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.