Bioformulado de Beauveria bassiana (ATCC MYA-4886) y Trichoderma lignorum (ATCC-8751) como biocontrolador de Atta cephalotes
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Palabras clave

Hongo entomopatógeno
control biológico
hormiga arriera
Beauvearia bassiana
Trichoderma lignorum

Cómo citar

Fernández Daza, F., López Villalobos, I., Trujillo Perdomo, J., Pascoli Cereda, M., & Cuervo Mulet, R. (2019). Bioformulado de Beauveria bassiana (ATCC MYA-4886) y Trichoderma lignorum (ATCC-8751) como biocontrolador de Atta cephalotes. Entramado, 15(1), 288-296. https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.1.5417

Resumen

I. La hormiga arriera está asociada a pérdidas en el sector agrícola, debido a su actividad defoliadora. El control de la especie se ha venido realizado artesanal, química y biológicamente, esta última con beneficios ambientales y de bajo riesgo para la salud humana. El objetivo de esta investigación fue desarrollar una formulación biológica para el control de la hormiga arriera (Atta cephalotes) utilizando una mezcla de esporas de dos hongos filamentosos (Beauveria bassiana y Trichoderma lignorum). M. Se desarrollaron 5 formulaciones empleando las relaciones: 1:1,6:4,4:6,3:7,2:8, de cepas de B. bassiana (ATCC MYA-4886) y T. lignorum (ATCC 8751), realizándoles prueba de viabilidad, patogenicidad y pureza. La colonización de las esporas en tejidos, se evaluó mediante la exposición de ratas Wistar a la formulación y sus componentes, realizando diagnóstico veterinario (disección) y cultivo microbiológico. R. Las formulaciones presentaron viabilidad a 24 h del 95+2 %, el 100% de las formulaciones no se contaminaron después de 10 días, las formulaciones 6.4, 1:1, 2:8 infectaron la totalidad de los individuos en 6 días, las formulaciones 4:6 y 3:7 a los 8 días, no se observó colonización de las cepas en la formulación, ni en tejidos de los biomodelos. C. Las formulaciones 6.4, 1:1, 2:8 de Beauveria bassiana y Trichoderma lignorum, poseen mayor actividad infecciosa sobre la hormiga arriera (Atta cephalotes). 

https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.1.5417
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