Propuesta de un modelo de ruteo de vehículos abierto en una institución prestadora de servicios de salud
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Palabras clave

Heurística
enrutamiento de vehículos
algoritmo
COVRP

Cómo citar

Campo Zuñiga, B., & Mendoza, A. (2018). Propuesta de un modelo de ruteo de vehículos abierto en una institución prestadora de servicios de salud. Entramado, 14(2), 288-298. https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.2.4761

Resumen

En este artículo de investigación se  presenta un modelo de optimización basado en la aplicación de dos heurísticas para una situación real de enrutamiento de una flota de vehículos de una Institución Prestadora de Servicios de Salud (IPS) para transportar sus pacientes. Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo mediante la aplicación de las heurísticas del vecino más cercano y la del vecino más cercano modificada ya que este tipo de enrutamiento es del tipo COVRP, por sus siglas en inglés: capacited opened vehicle routing problem. Se presenta la tabla de desglose de los costos, el algoritmo de construcción de la matriz de distancias y los algoritmos para las heurísticas. Los resultados indican que la heurística del vecino más cercano ofrece una solución con un costo menor que la del vecino más cercano modificada ya que los ahorros serían del 7,34% y 6,05% respecto al costo actual.

https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-3803/entramado.2.4761
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