Manifestaciones psiquiátricas asociadas a trastornos neuroendocrinos: artículo de revisión
Artículo

Palabras clave

Neuroendocrino
Manifestaciones psiquiátricas
Psiquiatría de enlace

Cómo citar

Oviedo, G. ., Iragorri, A. ., Orjuela, J. M. ., Campo-Rivera, N., Ceballos, Y. ., & Orozco-Cabal, L. F. . (2021). Manifestaciones psiquiátricas asociadas a trastornos neuroendocrinos: artículo de revisión. Revista Colombiana Salud Libre, 16(2), e417390. https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-7841/rcslibre.2021v16n2.7390

Resumen

El comportamiento humano y las enfermedades mentales se ven estrechamente influenciados por el funcionamiento del sistema endocrino y el entendimiento de esta relación se ha podido construir a partir de estudio de la Neurociencia. Una gran cantidad de personas con trastornos neuroendocrinos presentan manifestaciones psiquiátricas y estas pueden incluso anteceder al diagnóstico del trastorno neuroendocrino. Estas manifestaciones disminuyen de cierta medida al instaurarse el manejo del trastorno, pero en algunas ocasiones, requieren manejo psicoterapéutico o farmacológico específico. Este artículo de revisión pretende informar y sensibilizar al lector sobre el porqué de esta frecuente asociación; ilustra las presentaciones clínicas más habituales y postula algunas estrategias terapéuticas. Los trastornos neuroendocrinos a tratar son: el hipotiroidismo, hipertiroidismo, hipoparatiroidismo, hiperparatiroidismo, síndrome de Cushing, enfermedad de Addison, hiperprolactinemia, trastorno dismórfico premenstrual, hiperandrogenismo de origen ovárico, e hipogonadismo. Es importante también enfatizar que el correcto manejo de estos pacientes requerirá de la participación de un grupo interdisciplinario.

https://doi.org/10.18041/1900-7841/rcslibre.2021v16n2.7390
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