¿Puede aquello que comemos cambiar la expresión de nuestros genes?
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Palabras clave

Epigenética
nutrición
expresión génica
dieta
enfermedad Epigenetics
nutrition
Gene expression
diet
Disease

Cómo citar

Brito Jácome, C. ., Crespo Vizcaino, E. ., García Rusca, A. ., & Jacquin Serna, O. . (2021). ¿Puede aquello que comemos cambiar la expresión de nuestros genes?. Biociencias, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.18041/2390-0512/biociencias.2.9655

Resumen

Se ha denominado epigenética al estudio de procesos moleculares heredables y reversibles que regulan la expresión génica sin afectar directamente la secuencia del ADN. Estos procesos moleculares pueden estar sujetos a variaciones dependientes del ambiente como lo es la calidad de la dieta, lo que está siendo objeto de amplio estudio al reflejar mayor predisposición al desarrollo de enfermedades o la protección de las mismas ante el influjo de hábitos alimentarios específicos. A este respecto, algunos constituyentes de vitaminas, minerales y fitoquímicos se les empieza a denominar alimentos epigenéticos al tener la capacidad de modular la expresión de genes asociados a enfermedad, por lo que surge un novedoso concepto y alternativa terapéutica como lo es la nutrición de precisión. De esta manera, la programación de  sistemas fisiológicos podría intervenirse a través de hábitos dietarios beneficiosos que impacten sobre la descendencia de madres obesas hasta reprogramaciones epigenéticas beneficiosas  en pacientes malnutridos.

https://doi.org/10.18041/2390-0512/biociencias.2.9655
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